History and development of Dubí

History and development of Dubí

History and development of Dubi

Introduction

A new territorial and administrative unit Dubi City was created by connecting previously separate municipalities Bystřice, Běhánky, Drahůnky and Pozorka to Dubí in 1960.  Furthermore it expanded in 1980 by the frontier village Cinovec and the adjacent village Mstišov, whereby creating a large local government unit with nine thousand inhabitants, stretching from the borders with Germany to the cadastral district of Teplice in the area of ​​33 km². Following historical development of Dubí community, the city gained namely statut spa in 1966, nevertheless reinforcing spa impact of city ran into considerable difficulties mainly due to the local developed industry and bearing reserves of brown coal, which are under greater part of the city. Broad vision for the future development of surface coal mining in the minig area in Proboštov led to the annoucement of building ban for bulk and important part of the city. Mentioned building ban completely blocked all activities concerning the development and evolution of city for decades, as well as its maintenance and renewal. For the above reasons, the superiors authorities of state administration has not consented to the development of comprehensive planning documents that could be an important basis for targeted decision-making in local government and state administration. Therefore the urban development was more or less chaotic and not conceptually through the way of nonsequenced individual actions and initiatives for a long period, which originated in the often criticized "monuments"of the past. Based on discussions with the leadership of G eneral director of SHD Most they were able to discuss minor concessions announced in the building ban. Thanks to that they managed to prepare a concept and continuously implement a major activites for the city in engineering linear structures - gasification and urban sewerage in critical parts of the city.

After the cancellation of construction ban in 1990 the city Dubi faced up the problem as not only rational and determined to proceed to the reconstruction, but also how to prepare and implement a program of conceptual development and future development. For such actions the lack of planning documents  were urgently needed to be prepared for the processing and also to define self-concept (Board, council, commission), which appears before the general public and processed comments before this base level of opinion as to the contractor of development plan. In producing sofar absent land-planning document, then the city Dubí gained substantial basis for the concept and development of city and a document directed to decision-making bodies and national authorities, which was adopted in September 2008. New document was created recently, which provides background for further conceptual development of the whole city area. You can find further information here (in section)


General characteristics of area

the city Dubí except the border area of Cínovec, is located under and on slope of the Ore Mountains at an altitude of 450-250 meters above the sea level. The greater part is located in the North Bohemian brown coal basin, which is affected by the consequences of historical depth and subsequent surface mining activities these days. Villages such as Mstišov, Pozorka, Bystřice, Běhánky and Drahůnky are streched under the considerable geomorphological scenery slopes of the Ore Mountains. Own community Dubi is then connected by deep erosional stream valley of Bystřice to the wooded hillside of Ore Mountain Massif in the direction of SSE (South, Southeast) - NNW (North, Northwest). Geomorphological position of various parts of the city affects not only the different climatic conditions in each area, but its geological structure determines the conditions and problems of its further development. Despide negative influence of industry and coal mining on the environment it can be said that the forests surrounding built-up areas are significantly less affected than areas in 600 meters high or more. However all comes into typical inverse area in its entirety. The most important streams of the cadastral territory is a stream Bystřice as well as a smaller parallel directed flows (Mstišovský and Račí creeks) divert surplus of water from used water basins of Malše. Although water levels of each streams are not so high in average and the main channel Bystřice is regulated, there are known some examples of flood  when the water was pouring from gutters and the regulation of water and close buildings were damaged. Because the main watercourse roughly follows the course of the main communication roads (international road E55 Teplice-Cínovec) or crosses it in several parts, there is still a constant danger of water contamination by oil products and washing them down into the surface or oil leaking in the vehicle accident. Two main traffic roads pass over own territory of city, the international road E 55 and State Highway No. 13 Karlovy Vary - Liberec. These roads constitute essential traffic going across the massive of the Ore Mountains and its foothill. The city is the county with a system of highways and local roads, usually leading to the center of each part. Despite the high and ever increasing traffic congestion in the international road an alternative road bypassing the city on its western side was definitively rejected. Besides the road network must be noted that in NW and the SE edge of this area, there are the two ongoing minor railways of ČD (Czech railways )- No. 135 Most-Moldava and No. 132 Oldřichov-Děčín. Apart from these roads the city has a compact network of distinguished and local underground and aboveground utilities - water, gas, telecommunication and energy cables. Basically the whole town is inside the outer protection zone of natural resources of mineral water, i.e. Teplice mineral spring . Own city of Dubi lacks a strong central part and naturally every part of the former municipalities have merged their separate independent center reminiscent of its historical development site.

 

The historical development of the city and its various parts

Teritorial and administrative municipality of Dubí is dated from 1960, when the administrative merger of several municipalities was done and then in 1980, when the city got its current form in this area. However, since that date more than two decades has expired, the town (which in 1994 celebrated 500 years of its anniversary) has not become the actual total, but it is just a conglomeration of indigenous communities as the territorial site as well as for perceptions of its inhabitants. City truly lacks an inclusive administrative center including services and other activities in the truest sense. It is clear that regarding the historical and social developments in different parts of the city will be necessary to keep the identity and character of the individual parts within in integrating affords. All ultimately comes from the brief historical perspective of the individual parts of cities and their characteristics.

 

 

 

 

 

Part 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Dubí 3.275 3.440 3.454 3.544 3.603 3.658 3.749 3.741

3.751

3.767
Běhánky 758 811 830 852 854 846 897 911 916 902
Bystřice 1.073 1.103 1.122 1.134 1.152 1.188 1.219 1.043 1.221 1.224
Cínovec 66 67 63 67 63 68 73 70 80 86
Drahůnky 266 271 285 301 317 314 330 267 349 335
Mstišov 413 430 433 446 451 451 466 379 452 466
Pozorka 1.992 1.961 1.802 1.057 1.087 1.128 1.154 920 1.136 1.170